1664-2014 ! 350 years of passion for horticulture !

Under the High Patronage of Her Majesty Queen Paola

Canal Zoom, Emission Le geste du mois,

journaliste : Roland Vanden Heuvel,

http://www.canalzoom.com/site/index.php?iddet=9253&quellePage=999&idcat=291

date de diffusion juillet 2014

If flowers and trees, parks and gardens speak to you, you will be enthralled by

the Year of Flora!

For a year long, from spring to spring, the non-profit association ANNEE DE FLORE

ASBL [Year of Flora] invites you to explore the proud horticultural past of Brussels off

the beaten tracks!

Consult our agenda!

Safety In The Garden?

In the park you can let off steam, live many adventures and meet new friends. But unfortunately, not all children enclosures meet the conditions necessary for the child to play safely. Poor furniture, inadequate cleaning or lack of a fence that isolates the park from other dangerous areas for small (streets, avenues, sports pools …) they are more than enough to doubt the campus security reasons. But even if everything is in perfect condition, an unexpected accident may occur by improper use of the park facilities. So without becoming steadily over the child, should indicate the possible risks of outdoor games and keep an eye on every move away with JT Auto Security

RECREATIONAL EQUIPMENT

Hammocks (swing) and other recreation equipment can cause serious injury, so must be taught to use them properly and avoid climbing on those who present little security guarantees.

1. In the game of “seesaw”, for example, children should not play different weight, or climb up or drop their little hands.

2. In the slide should always seated and never slide head, wait for the previous child has come down to not push and do not sag at the edges.

3. We must teach him not to approach a hammock (swing) until it has not stopped completely.

4. Before upload, should look if there are any loose or broken parts, if any screws or brackets are loose, if I rust somewhere … and especially if age appropriate

5. This demonstrated that the hammocks (swings) made of materials such as rubber, wood, plastic … are less dangerous than metal.

DANGEROUS GAMES?

That marking your baby clothes, your body … it’s the least important (you will enjoy as a dwarf), but watch to not put anything in the mouth:

1. If you play ground where there may be parasites, chemicals, insecticides, sharp objects (glass, nails, pieces of tin …), almost certainly hurt.

2. Also if playing with sand or pebbles very chiquitas, which usually have in several gardens as prevention of strokes in the ground floor, which is dangerous; almost certainly eye damage will be done.

3. Soils with rubbish, dog feces, suspicious holes or stagnant water are dangerous sources of infection, especially after rains.

4. You have to teach that it is extremely dangerous to reach into a hole that is in the earth or between rocks and lift a large stone, because you can find the unpleasant surprise of a snake bite, ants, scorpion or frightened by a lizard, etc.

GADGETS FOR CHILD SAFETY?

One example is that the teacher can propose a consistent practical work in identifying in the classroom or on the playground where recess is made (For EGB1) and / or playground recognize those objects or areas that involve risk pricking, cutting, scraping, falling. Loas students go, watch and record, all guided by the teacher. Thus the observation exercise, the development and the possibility of offering practical solutions. “The younger ones, may not be as able to develop, they can intervene indirectly listening and seeing what made the biggest: which way as doors open, how should they leave school in case of fire, how to cross the street when entering or leaving and boarding the school bus …

To facilitate the preparation of school, with a view to the safety of children and parents peace of mind, nothing better than to make use of gadgets created with this intention:

1. The furniture has to carry the corners and edges (like walls) protected, trying not constrict the passageways or protrude dangerously.

2. Buffers for drawers that keep out the furniture and fall on the child.

3. Safety barriers for doors and stairs that prevent access to dangerous places.

4. Bumpers or security locks for doors and windows, opening difficult for small but easy to use for older (there for one or two leaves).

5. protection grids for fireplaces, radiators, heaters and stoves, which prevent the child can burn or cause a fire.

6. Fixer slip for carpets to immobilize, in the bathrooms.

7. adhesive for glass, Bands warn against fragmentation and invisible.

8. The stairs are a dangerous place for the game. We must prevent children from accessing them if not required (can be placed guardrails); the slope of the stairs, especially if they are within the school itself, should not be higher than 37 degrees, and the steps have a height of 15 cm and a lower bottom 25 cm; also they must be equipped with a difficult climb railing, and keep the steps in good condition;You must have them always well lit with a bright light, when they are inside, and thoroughly cleaned with non-slip rubber.

Contribution of fruits and vegetables in nutrition and human health

In recent years it has become aware and has emphasized the importance of the nutritional value of fruits and vegetables.

In recent years it has become aware and has emphasized the importance of the nutritional and health value of fruit and vegetables. They now have a very important place in the dietary recommendations and food preferences of consumers and many evidences suggest its importance to human health.

While it is true that nutritional and dietary advice is a reason why the enthusiasm of consumers about fruits and vegetables has grown so much public interest by consuming them has also been stimulated by the extremely attractive displays of these in the supermarkets where an amount and enormous diversity of these products throughout the whole year are offered. Also food services in general have contributed to the “fashion” of eating fruits and vegetables. Currently, any restaurant has a large and well-stocked salad bar.

This article will document the many benefits offered by these foods and their important contribution to human health, both in prevention and cure of diseases not of nutritional origin, such as cancer, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, etc. .

The last set of dietary recommendations given in the report nutrition and health “Surgeon General” of the US, gives them a “green light” to fruits and vegetables because these foods have many “positive attributes”.Most of these are low in fat and calories and high in complex carbohydrates and fiber. In addition are a source amount of vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C and carotenes are transformed into vitamin A. Scientists in different countries are beginning to appreciate how common vegetables from celery until broccoli, through garlic and soy to name a few, stored potent chemicals that can block the synthesis of carcinogenetic substances in the body, reduce cholesterol levels in the blood or lower blood pressure.

In recent years, researchers have noticed a very important package of substances that prevent disease and are contained especially fruits and vegetables. Among the virtues of these phytochemicals highlights an apparent ability to block multiple processes that lead to cancer. These investigations come at a time when the world is more confused than ever about the true link between diet and health, about the true value of food supplements of vitamin pills, etc. Recent studies claim that phytochemicals offer the next great hope for a magic pill, one that can go beyond vitamins.

While continuing the shock and publicity for the “preventive nutrition”, you can glimpse the general interest in fruits and vegetables, which have become the heroes of nutrition. US FDA (Food and Drug Administration), recommended intake of 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily, while in other countries it is recommended to 9-11 servings per day. The National Institute Flexcin, meanwhile, recommends consuming ½ Kg. Of fruits a day.

According to most opinions, fruits and vegetables it was the first food ingested man as they were at your fingertips wild, even before he could think of hunting animals.

Fruits mentioned in the Bible as the predominant food in Eden. Throughout history there are numerous references to fruits, as well as secular and religious legends and the various books of East and West. They have reached celebrity apple of discord pretext for the Trojan War; basket of figs which was that bit asp Cleopatra, and even the famous apple of Newton. Vegetables instead, despite their importance in the diet and economy of the countries have passed almost unnoticed. His mention in the literature is not as common, although there are some examples like pumpkin stuffed with pearls Thousand and One Nights.They have traditionally been regarded as “little thing” and as symbols of low value. Importance health The contribution of fruits and vegetables for human nutrition is very significant, especially with regard to vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. If we consider the percentages of selected nutrients, which are provided by fruits and vegetables as a group according to the amount consumed per person per year, we have vitamin A and vitamin C is provided in the highest amounts for this group, however, other as vitamin V6, magnesium, iron, thiamine, niacin, they are also supplied in large amounts for fruit and vegetables.

The RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances), is a guide to plan diets groups of people. To address the requirements of each nutrient required that foods are chosen by the combination of nutrients they contain. Most fruits and vegetables are very important in planning diets because they provide the dual benefit of being the key components in the diet and also provide a minimum level of calories.

6 sites on gardening

The 6 best websites and blogs about gardening. Tricks and tips decoration and landscape design. Learn to cultivate your own garden. These sites have been guaranteed by WP malware removal help  so that you do not have to worry about viruses.

6. Small Gardens

Useful tips to keep your garden in perfect condition of any size. It covers all types of gardens: minimalist, modern, large or small.Articles are updated frequently and include numerous pictures and videos.

 

5. Decorate gardens

Guide to decorate your garden even if you are a novice amateur. Full information on: Environments, trees, shrubs, flower arranging, Bonsai, Céssped, decoration and design, flowers, tools and accessories, gardens, outdoor furniture, medicinal plants and more.

 

4. Decoration and Gardens

This site offers many original ideas to decorate your garden or terrace, also offers plenty of items to keep growing your own organic garden vegetables. Tricks with natural products, fertilizers, pest control, pruning, breeding, irrigation, garden accessories, ponds, lighting, flower pots, landscaping, pergolas, pools, trees, shrubs, fruit trees, roses and much more.

 

3.  Gardeners in action

Gardening social network where you can share photos of your garden and vote for your favorite gardens. It has an active user cominudad where you can exchange views, constultar questions and get inspiration. also it offers a gallery of images of plants, plant guide and information about garden design, garden plants, houseplants, maintenance, landscaping, gardening, gardening tools, sheds, swimming pools …

 

2. GuíaVerde . Com

GuíaVerde is a directory nurseries, garden centers and garden products, which also offers a blog with articles to help you decorate your garden and data sheets on all types of plants. It allows to know the closest gardening centers and their approximate prices. You can also exchange views with other gardening enthusiasts, ask questions of and learn tricks and new techniques.

 

1. Green is life.

website gardening magazine largest circulation in Spain. Offers a variety of content and tips on caring for your garden or growing your own garden, even you have a section dedicated to pets. It also incorporates a search engine garden centers in Spain and complete profiles of plants

Floral Remedies for Teeth

We all have suffered the pain that the wisdom teeth emerge through the skin in the mouth. Wisdom teeth are a curious phenomena as they can get anywhere from the age of 16 years later when we are in their thirties . Every time they go out, a pain and discomfort will be there for you .

Doctor’s says that the common symptoms that most people face are pain , swelling, jaw tenderness, difficulty opening the mouth and chewing food. In most cases, dentists advise extraction if the pain is too unbearable and there is not much space in your mouth for new teeth to fit in. At times, for some reason, the surgery is not possible, and the best solution is to get relief using herbal remedies. There are about 75% children experiencing tooth decay, bad breath, yellow teeth and cavity, reported by Freedom Dental Melbourne .

Listed here are some remedies herbal that will help you relieve pain and provide relief from these symptoms .

Pepper mint

Mint is a plant that is very popular for its cooling and soothing properties . It can be used to relieve pain and inflammation that is caused when a wisdom tooth is erupting. Make a paste of fresh mint leaves and apply on the affected area.

Pepper mint

You can also make a paste with dried mint leaves and water. This application helps to soothe the pain and is very comforting. You can also drink mint tea made with fresh mint leaves.

Bayberry

Bayberry is a plant found in Texas and the eastern US . Its roots, bark and berries are used in herbal medicines. Bayberry contains tannins that have a drying effect on the skin. If you have a tooth emerging wisdom, and the area is inflamed and painful, the bayberry application will help treat the wound efficiently.

Bayberry

Make a thick paste of two teaspoons of bayberry bark powder and half a tablespoon of vinegar coffee.Apply on the affected gums to get relief from pain. You can easily get bayberry at any store of health or herbal.

Lavender Oil

Lavandula is a plant that is commonly known as lavender . It is a flowering plant belonging to the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is popularly cultivated for the production of essential oil of lavender, which serves many commercial purposes. Lavender oil has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, making it very beneficial as a basic effective herbal remedy to treat pain and infection of the gums when a wisdom tooth is erupting.

Lavender Oil

You should gently massage the affected area with a small amount of lavender oil. Do not apply too much pressure as this can worsen inflammation. This application should be done two or three times a day to get relief from pain and inflammation in the wisdom tooth.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is an essential oil extracted from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia an herb called , found mainly in the continent of Australia. It has many beneficial medical properties and is used to treat a variety of skin diseases and infections. Tea tree oil has antibacterial properties and antiseptic , which help treat pain and infection in the region of your gum where the wisdom teeth are erupting.

Tea tree oil

Just one drop is sufficient because it can be very loud and irritating to the skin. Alternatively, you can add some tree oil drops of tea in a glass of warm water and use it to rinse the mouth. To do this, three times a day to prevent development of the infection.

Spilanthes

Spilanthes is commonly found in Brazil grass . It is so effective in treating toothaches that is called “toothache plant”. It can be grown easily in all climates and used to treat toothache every time they touch one members of the family. Spilanthes help to numb the gums and mouth, which helps soothe the pain.

Spilanthes

You can chew on flowers or leaves buttons to get relief from pain due to erupting wisdom teeth. The antifungal and antibacterial properties of this purifying plant will help prevent infection in the affected area.

Mirra and other medicinal plants for good oral health

Myrrh medicinal propertiesThe Myrrh  ( Commiphora molmol ) is one of the natural remedies more traditionally used to care for oral health by dentist in Florence SC. This tree is native to the African northeast and he a medicinal resin having excellent extract medicinal properties  (healing, analgesic, anti – inflammatory, antimicrobial and antiseptic) to treat all kinds of ailments in the mouth and throat as thrush, hoarseness, tonsillitis, gum bleeding, tooth decay, pharyngitis, infections, gingivitis, cure and heal gums after dental extractions, etc. It can be found in tincture , essential oil , in dust , in infusion and resin for use mouthwashes or by adding it when you make pasta homemade teeth

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Myrrh medicinal propertiesAnother very beneficial to the health of the mouth medicinal plant is the Mastic ( Pistacia L. ). The medicinal properties of mastic or mastic resin obtained from the mastic, are especially effective for inflamed gums , combat bad breath , ulcers  and sores , and achieve  white teeth. Mastic is a common shrub in the Mediterranean this white resin is obtained the mastic or mastic, which is much appreciated to have and maintain healthy gums and strengthen teeth . To take advantage of the medicinal properties of mastic just you have to chew its resin, mastic or you can also make mouthwashes with the infusion of its leaves.

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Myrrh medicinal propertiesThe Rathany ( Krameria trianda ) is a medicinal herb referred to guard the mouth, from which its root is used because of its properties antibacterial , wound healing and anti – hemorrhagic , which help fight canker sores, gingivitis and bleeding gums, pyorrhea, prevent cavities , relieve toothache and even used for tonsillitis and pharyngitis. The Rathany, also known as root for teeth , is a shrub native to Bolivia and Peru traditionally used to care for teeth and mouth in general. It can be used by rinses and gargles with the infusion of the root or tincture or adding to your homemade pasta teeth.

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Bistort medicinal properties The Bistort ( Polygonum knotweed L .), Also known as Serpentaria, is a particularly beneficial and effective medicinal herb to treat wounds and sores in the mouth . It is a plant that grows wild in the Pyrenees and has astringent medicinal properties , anti – inflammatory that has great protective action on the gums, bleeding from avoiding them. When highly recommended for dental extractions they have been performed. It is even effective for inflammation of the throat. The Bistorta are used mainly roots and rhizomes. To take advantage of its medicinal properties can also gargle or mouthwash infusion of the plant.

Scientific research on the effect of music on plants

Scientific research on the effect of music on plants

No school science fair would be complete without the obligatory experiment on the effect of music on plants. The alleged between and plant resulted, in 1970, an album entitled “Music for growing plants” by DJ Melbourne. It goes without saying, the failed to be among the 40 best sellers, but some scientists have developed serious investigations. Since the 50s, scientists have wondered how, or if, exposure of plants to music affects germination, growth, reproduction and genetics.

Evolutionary response

In an interview in 2008, Dr. Rich Marrini, head of the Department of Horticulture College of Agricultural Sciences College of Penn State, speculated that plants may have evolved and respond to vibrations such as those found in sound waves or windy conditions. According to the site of this institution, “Plants windward produce a hormone that slows the growth called etilena, resulting in shorter and thicker stems plants. Thus, these plants can better survive the windy condition to which they are exposed. ” As the is, in essence, a vibration, the genetic response of plants to sound waves is similar to having the wind.

Melody vs. Sound

Research published in 2004 in the “Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine” measured biological effects of music and noise on the germination of seeds of okra and long courgettes. The seeds were planted in a dark, damp and soundproof chamber. Some seeds were exposed to the sound of American flute for 16 hours a day. Others were exposed to pink noise spectrum (flicker noise or jitter) and other received no stimulation. Most seeds exposed to music welled similarly to those receiving pink noise or control groups, a finding that scientists considered statistically significant. The article concludes that music has important effects on the seeds of both plants.

Effects of rhythm

A 2007 study published in the “Asian Journal of Plant Sciences” found correlations between exposure to music and the speed of growth and mitotic division of onion seeds, or Allium cepa.Los researchers exposed some seeds to “classical music strong, complex, rhythmic accents on the second and fourth intervals “and other seeds were exposed to music more dynamic and rhythmic intervals. Seeds “heard” Chopin pieces, Mozsrt, Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky, Schubert and Wagner. The studies showed that, although both rates have positive effects on root growth and the rate of mitotic division, the most dynamic music has a greater effect.

Recent researches

Much of the research on plants and music began in the ’50s and’ 60s. The botanical TC Singh exposed to an aquatic tones of a tuning fork plant. Normally, this plant produces a stream of protoplasm only in the evenings. Dr. Singh found that music could induce the plant to produce protoplasm at any time of day. Singh also presented a variety of species to the music of southern India, a violin with frequencies ranging over a range of 100 to 600 Hz, and found that plant growth had increased. The Canadian engineer Eugene Canby wheat plants exposed to certain classical music recordings and reported an increase in growth of 66%. A few years later, scientific Dorothy Retallack found that frequencies around 5000 Hz were more effective to induce plant growth. Classical music of European composers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and music selections with North Indian sitar showed good results in the growth of plants; on the contrary, rock and selections by composers of the twentieth century they caused the plants to stay away from the speakers, to atrophy or even die.

Video shows in slow motion like a flower blooms

Video shows in slow motion like a flower blooms
A San Pedro cactus. (Screenshot: YouTube)


The user of YouTube David de los Santos Gil recently published a time-lapse video showing how various flowers bloom.

The video required about 40 thousand photographs and includes common plants like lily and exotic as the tigridia or tiger flower, which do not last more than a day.

This is not the first time that Santos, who stands on YouTube for its videos about nature and animals, collects the complex movements of the flowers once they decide it’s time to reproduce. An earlier compilation, published almost a year ago, was well received with 65K reproductions.

The complete list of flowers, in order of appearance, is: hyacinth, hibiscus, narcissus, alstroemeria, daisies, pink, cactus San Pedro (Trichocereus), iris, pending the queen, almond blossom, amaryllis, tooth lion, gladioli, nigella damask, tigridia, lillium and tulips.

Santos’s More work of how do you buy views on youtube can be found on its website www.qqtube.com.

Gardeners in Hollywood. Of dignity in Bichir to shame in Derbez

Gardeners in Hollywood. Of dignity in Bichir to shame in Derbez

The last 84 Academy Awards, was one of those that kept many outstanding Mexican ceremony. These things happen when some of us manage to appear in the celebration of the most popular film worldwide. On this occasion, our hopes were placed in Demian Bichir, nominated for best actor for his work in “A Better Life” (A Better Life, C. Witz, 2011, watch this movie on http://Project-free-tv.to) and Emmanuel Lubezky nominated for Best Cinematography for “The Tree of Life “(T. Malick, 2011, watch online free on www.movie25.io). The media in general fed our hopes, Demian Bichir and mainly, captured notes and interviews. The commotion even had the positive effect that in some theaters besides the Cineteca Nacional restrenada the film was, for the public – now curious and interestedly could see it. The phenomenon is not strange, we have seen on many occasions as entertainment journalism artificially promote certain issues considered “interesting” and not always as fortunate as in this case, where the nominations seem to respond to achieving a good job both in the business of acting as in photography, and therefore seemed beyond expectations sown, we had good chances. However, as at other times, we were on the line, no way, the way things are. It is noteworthy that at least this time we are left with a very good taste, especially in the case of Demian Bichir, whose picture to picture while presenting Natalie Portman, went around the world showing him smiling, proud, satisfied. The outstanding speech Portman is the best performances in this category, the longest and also the most emotional to speak of undocumented Mexicans – not illegal, thanks Natalie – and surely thousands of compatriots on that side border must have seemed even vindictive. As if that were not enough, “A Better Life” is by no means a trivial film. A legitimate aspiration, cause of many of the most painful circumstances being experienced by Mexicans on both sides of the border, is the raw material of this story. Who among us has not narrowed eyes and thought about how I could achieve a better future for his family, for loved ones, for friends, for all our country? I never put a title better to tell a story like this. Evocative and endearing, the movie is worth seeing for itself, independent of the nomination for Bichir.

But speaking of Bichir, it is also important to say that this is one of the most outstanding performances of his career. Expression and emotion as never before had seen him, besides the experience, make by far the work which can always be proud. Crying scene, is particularly outstanding and is not for nothing that choose to present on the big night of awards Oscar.Pero opposed to this remarkable moment, also delivered as every year, the awards for the worst Film, Razzies famous in its 2012 edition (which will be delivered next April 1). And here another movie where a Mexican participates was nominated and actually swept the nominations, it is “Jack and Jill” (D. Dougan, 2011) that won six Razzie nominations, including worst film of the year.

Derbez has a modest share, that here also the media announced as its glorious debut in Hollywood films and earned enough expectation as to bring people to theaters and generate income millionaires at the box office. Interestingly, the role of Derbez is also a gardener, but in another tenor, so different and unworthy that was even offensive to many Mexicans on both sides of the border.

A performance much like what we’ve seen on television, is what comedian threw hand for her performance in the film. And maybe make you laugh here, but in another context ended up being offensive and vulgar.

The only thing perhaps that deserves them satisfaction to the producers of this film is profit at the box office, and in this case, the comparison between the two films seem totally unfair, “A Better Life” grossed in its weekend debut 62,000 dlls USA and he accumulated total during its exhibition in the United States 1 million 759,000 dlls USA; while “Jack and Jill” he grossed in its weekend debut $ 25,000 dlls USA and accumulated a total of $ 74 million dlls USA during its exhibition in the American Union, according consulted figures imdb.Que quality and box office success almost never match, it is a phenomenon that has been demonstrated many times and not worth delving into this debate at the moment. Provide a framework to indicate how different can be the incursions of Mexicans in the Hollywood industry, considered the most influential in the world. It is also curious that in both cases we have a portrait of migration so different, in some cases brought to the screen with dignity and otherwise the opposite, being much more profitable – and this is the sad fact of the matter a bad movie .

But it is better left with the luminous and dignified part: the discourse of Portman’s smile Bichir to picture in your gala night, the revival of the tape and interest in her. That and make a decent portrait of ourselves, our families and our tragedies, thank you very much Demian Bichir, and of course, thank you very much to the Academy of Arts in Hollywood for having all that into account in this 84 delivery Oscars to best of American industry.

 

Water disinfection and reuse in greenhouse horticulture

Production in greenhouse horticulture in Europe is still not as efficient in the use of water as it could be. Growth systems without soil (hydroponics) are becoming common in horticulture from most European countries, although no large scale in all countries. The advantages of soil -less growing systems compared to crops grown in soil are:

· The growth and harvesting are independent of the type of soil in the area of ​​culture;

· Better control of growth by use of improved water pitcher filter quality and a better fertilization;

· Increased product quality;

· Start free of pathogens by using different substrates on the ground and / or easier soil pathogen control.

The disadvantages of these systems are:

· The high quality of water required;

· High investment and high costs of fertilizers;

· Low amount of water.

In most cases open or run the water systems are adopted. In such open systems, the nutrient solution is left freely lava ground and surface waters. For economic reasons and environmental concerns can be applied soilless closed systems. These closed systems are more efficient with the use of water and fertilizers, and cause less damage to the environment. The disadvantage of closed systems is the risk of a rapid spread of soil-borne pathogens due to the recirculation of the nutrient solution. To eliminate these pathogens, they can be used various methods of disinfection.

Ozone Treatment

Treatment with ozone can be used to disinfect the drain water [2] . Ozone is the second most powerful sterilant is known and its function is the destruction of bacteria, viruses and odors. A contribution of 10 grams of ozone per hour and cubic meter of water is enough to kill all pathogens.

UV disinfection

Another way to disinfect water drainage is to use UV radiation [2] . The ultra (or UV) radiation violet is a proven process for disinfecting water, air and solid surfaces microbiologically contaminated. To remove bacteria and fungi an energy dose of 100 mJ / cm is recommended 2 . For viruses a dose of 250 mJ / cm is recommended 2 .

Heat treatment

When a treatment is applied by heating, a solution is heated for 30 seconds at 95C. At this temperature all pathogens are killed [7] . A disadvantage of heat treatment is gas consumption. Also the drain warm water contains less oxygen.

Slow sand filtration
For a few years commercial farmers have been using facilities slow filtration through sand to remove pathogens. [4] [5] [6]

Sand filtration is frequently used as a very effective way to remove suspended solids in water method. The filter medium consists of a series of layers of sand with a variety of grain sizes and specific gravity. Sand filters are available in different sizes and both manual and fully automatic operation materials.

 

Tips for pregnant women – How to plant a garden at home without health risks

Planting a home garden can become a disadvantage due to contamination of food if some basic points are not respected.

Having a home garden is a hobby that has won many adherents in recent years, not only among people owning a small field, but also in limited areas such as terraces and balconies. More for entertainment than necessity, although it may help save on shopping, have a garden at home has become a hobby with benefits if done properly to avoid food contamination.

 

 

 

Use time on a task that it will benefit or see grow their own vegetables are some of the attractions of this activity involving children and adults. However, one of the aspects that motivated to enter the world of horticulture is to get fresh, tasty and natural products that no one else has stepped in and free themselves of large farms chemicals. The goal is to get home vegetables and vegetables and therefore healthier. However, this statement so logical a priori, may become contrary if not taken into account factors that make a healthy garden into a source of food contamination.

Physical or chemical contaminants arising from the nature of the soil or misapplication of horticultural products, or other biological as fungi and microorganisms, whose development is more favorable in plants and damaged fruit can become a vegetable or homemade vegetable in a way of food poisoning.

Planning

The main factors to plan and develop a home garden are:

  • The floor . Often be filled construction and therefore may contain substances not recommended. Also remains of detergents, industrial oils or previous pesticide treatments can contaminate it . If the garden is extensive, it is imperative that a professional conduct an analysis to dictate their suitability as growing media, as well as indicating how to improve it if necessary. For a soil is considered suitable for cultivation should be deep, airy, well drained, but able to retain water, rich in organic matter and minerals, non – saline and neutral pH nutrients. If far away from this model, it is preferable to use special filling substrate for horticulture and perform, if you work in small areas, raised beds on the ground.

    These banks cultivation can be delimited by stone blocks, wooden fences, or sleepers. In the latter case ecological preferable because they have not received tarred treatments. In addition, it is essential that the soil is not infected by fungi, bacteria, insects or nematodes, a common occurrence in cultivated soil, which must be disinfected regularly using suitable chemicals for non-professional horticulture or alternative procedures, such as ecological solarization process, in which the free culture surface is covered with transparent sheets and thin plastic.

  • Location . A good choice of location for the garden, well ventilated and sunny most of the day, be planted is essential not only to enhance the performance of work, but to ensure a healthy and free harvest rot. Excessive humidity and lack of ventilation favor the development of molds and bacteria that can be harmful to health. Some fruits, like zucchini or melons, need fat in contact with the soil, hence the need to pave the way in this area to prevent accumulation of water irrigation and even put them on a bed of straw or twigs.
  • Utensils and tools . They should be kept clean and in good condition. Before saving, will have to withdraw land carefully and dry them. Cutting tools should be maintained sharp to avoid inaccurate cuts and tears that generate problems in plant tissues.
  • Seeds and seedlings . When varieties of plants to be cultivated are chosen, you must learn before their requirements, especially in terms of need for water and sun. The choice must be adapted to the availability of each. Purchase seeds and seedlings in expert centers ensure product quality.
  • Irrigation water . It is convenient to use the network of drinking water , as it will ensure their good health status. If this is not possible, many orchards have a water tank or water collection tank. The risk is that the water is contaminated by the material storage container, which will bring you no foreign substances, or by decomposing it drowned a small animal such as a mouse itself. Also well water should be analyzed to know its composition. The uncontrolled irrigation water is a major source of pollution, so it should be monitored continuously and ensure keep it in good sanitary conditions.
  • Containers, window boxes or pots . They are used as containers to plan orchards in small areas or on terraces and balconies. It is the most popular choice in cities. In addition to their size, you have to look at the material. Some ceramic clay pots, especially vitrified or decorated with paintings could transmit farmland unwanted substances, such as certain heavy metals .
  • Pests and plant diseases . As a general rule, a pest or disease developed in a crop plant affect product quality and wholesomeness as food, so be priority avoid both pests and diseases. It is interesting to learn in each case, depending on the plant variety, its most common to detect alterations. If the pest or disease has developed, reference should be made ​​as soon aspossible to a specialist center (garden center or agricultural cooperative) to diagnose the problem and fight it . Plant tissue destruction will origin of other secondary contaminations by microorganisms. In some cases, must be removed from the growing area or damaged plants remains.
  • Fertilizers and crop protection products . Homemade organic fertilizers may contain significant bioburden contaminating the product. If necessary, treat the plant with plant protection products and should always follow the instructions of the manufacturer, especially in terms of quantity, mode of application and waiting period before consumption.

Some of the vegetables will be consumed raw, with no other sanitization process that washing. This should remove traces of dirt and dust, insects or other small animals, in addition to the potential burden of microorganisms. Therefore, it is advisable to add a few drops of suitable bleach for disinfection of food and drink, leave a few minutes and rinse thoroughly.

possible incidents

A garden at home carries a surplus in production: the harvest comes at a time and family employment is not sufficient for total consumption. The vegetables to which the inedible parts removed should be kept refrigerated. If storage is prolonged, it is preferable freezing, chopping and blanched (blanched in boiling water), then package and label (range, date …) to consumption off-season.

HUERTA and Toxoplasma

The practice of gardening can be a source of contamination of toxoplasma , therefore, you should use gloves when handling the earth and wash your hands after this task. A cat may deposit the parasite in the soil through their droppings. Another route of contamination is ingestion of contaminated food: poorly washed vegetables and raw meats poorly made. For its serious consequences, toxoplasmosis should be avoided, especially during pregnancy – ultrasound nyc published.